Manila is the capital of the Philippines.
Manila also serves as the location for the presidential palace and other government institutions.
Founded on June 24, 1571, by Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi, Manila is one of the oldest cities in the Philippines. It was the seat of power for most of the country’s colonial rulers. It is situated on the eastern shore of the bay and is home to many historical landmarks.
It was the first chartered City by the Philippine Commission Act 183 on July 31, 1901, and gained autonomy with the passage of Republic Act No. 409 or the “Revised Charter of the City of Manila” on June 18, 1949. In 2012, the Globalization and World Cities Research Network listed Manila as a global city.
The city proper is home to 1,780,148 people in 2015, forming the historic core of the Metro, the capital region of the Philippines. The metropolitan area is one of the most populous urban areas in the world. “Manila” is commonly used to refer to either the whole metropolitan area or the city proper.